All about attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children


Children with ADHD may have difficulty controlling their impulsive behaviors. Meaning that they act without thinking about the outcome or are hyperactive, although there is no cure for ADHD, but it can be managed successfully. Symptoms improve with age. We will talk together about what you need to know about ADHD in children, which includes what is ADHD in children, what are its causes, symptoms, and how is it diagnosed?

What is ADHD in children?

ADHD in children is a brain disorder that affects how we pay attention, sit and control behaviour. It may occur in children, adults and adolescents because it can continue until adulthood.

ADHD in children is one of the most common mental disorders in children and boys than girls. It is monitored during the early school years, when the child begins to face attention problems.

ADHD can’t be cured but it’s detected early. Therefore, with a treatment plan that will help you treat it, educate it well, and manage its symptoms. Because it affects the child’s ability to focus and pay attention, and an estimated 8.9% of children suffer from ADHD.

What factors contribute to ADHD?

ADHD is a behavioral and neurological disorder, meaning that it affects the way the brain processes information and thus a person’s behaviors. Approximately 5% of children in the United States of America suffer from ADHD, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

The exact cause of this condition is not yet known, and researchers believe genetic and nutritional factors, nervous system problems during development and a host of other factors, according to the Mayo Clinic.

1Genes and ADHD:

There is strong evidence that a person’s genes can influence their development of ADHD, as researchers have found that it occurs according to genetic factors. and lack of attention.

But none of the researchers has so far been able to identify the genes that affect this disorder. The researchers believe that the DRD4 gene is one of the genes that affect dopamine receptors in the brain and plays a role in the development of ADHD.

It is important to note that ADHD is diagnosed in individuals who do not have a family history of this condition, but the person’s environment and a host of other factors influence the person’s injury.

2Neurotoxins associated with ADHD:

Many researchers believe that there may be a connection between ADHD and some toxic chemicals such as lead and some pesticides. That affects children’s exposure to lead, resulting in ADHD.

3. Poor nutrition and ADHD:

There is no concrete evidence that food dyes and preservatives may cause hyperactivity in some children, according to Mayo Clinic research. Foods with artificial coloring include most processed foods that contain a preservative such as sodium benzoate, which is found in fruit pies and soft drinks. Although the researchers did not determine whether these ingredients are really effective, but they are a risk factor.

Symptoms of hyperactivity and lack of movement in a child:

1Conduct disorder:

A common sign of ADHD is to notice your child’s inability to identify his own needs and meet the wants of others. It can result in interruptions, a problem waiting for their turn.

2boycott : 

Self-centered behavior may cause your child to interrupt others while they are talking or engaging in side conversations or games.

3Trouble waiting for their turn : 

Children with ADHD may have difficulty waiting their turn while doing classroom activities or when playing games with other children.

4emotional disturbances

A child with ADHD may have difficulty controlling his or her emotions. They may have tantrums at inappropriate times.

5. Quick boredom:

Children with ADHD often cannot stand still and sit still for long periods of time. So they may try to get up and run, fidget, or sit in their chair when forced to sit where they don’t like restrictions.

6Difficulty playing calmly :

The rapid boredom that a child encounters can make it difficult to play quietly or engage in leisure activities quietly.

7Not completing tasks

A child with ADHD may show interest in many different things, but not be able to finish them. For example, they may start home meals or activities but move on to another activity that grabs their attention before they finish.

8. Difficulty concentrating

A child with ADHD may have difficulty concentrating even when speaking to someone directly.

9. Avoid tasks that require mental effort :

Concentration can cause the child to avoid doing mentally demanding tasks and activities such as paying attention in class or doing home meals.

10. Errors:

Children with ADHD may have difficulty following instructions that require planning for them to follow. Thus, he is exposed to careless mistakes, but it does not indicate laziness or lack of intelligence.

11. Daydream:

Children with ADHD are not moody and another sign is that he is calmer and less involved with other children. You can also notice that the child who suffers from this disorder by focusing in space and daydreaming and ignoring what is going on around him.

12. Difficulty organizing

A child with this disorder may have difficulty keeping track of tasks and activities that can cause problems in school and homework.

13. Forgetting:

The problem of forgetfulness is general in young children, but children with this disorder may forget about daily activities. They may forget to do chores or homework.

14A group of symptoms appear in several places:

Symptoms of ADHD can arise from the appearance of symptoms in many places such as school and at home.

Symptoms that appear as children get older:

As children with this disorder grow up, they often won’t have as difficult self-control as other children their age. Therefore, children and adolescents with ADHD may appear immature compared to their own.

Some of the daily tasks that teens with ADHD face include:

  • Difficulty concentrating on schoolwork.
  • Loss of ability to read social cues.
  • Difficulty maintaining personal hygiene.
  • Not managing time safely.
  • Not helping out with chores at home.

How is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder diagnosed?

Although your child may have some symptoms that look like ADHD, it could be something else and needs to be diagnosed.

There is no specific test that can be done to identify this disorder. But the diagnosis process takes many steps and involves gathering information from a variety of sources such as school and mother so that you can evaluate your child. Tayeb will ask about your child’s symptoms, when these symptoms began, and how the behavior affects your child and the rest of the family. Doctors also regularly diagnose ADHD for more than 6 months so that the child can compare your child to other children.

The doctor will perform a physical exam, take the medical history into account and may give him a non-invasive brain scan. With standard guidelines, the doctor can determine if your child has ADHD.

 An overview of ADHD treatment:

Treatment plans may include special education programs, psychological intervention, and medication as much as possible, so you should talk to your medical provider as often as possible about possible solutions in order to get the best plan for your child. Studies show that combining drug therapy with behavioral therapy is much better than relying solely on drug therapy so that you can improve your child’s social skills as well.

Behavioral therapies for children with ADHD:

Behavioral therapy for children with ADHD involves creating more organization, sticking to routines, and clearly setting the child’s goals. It also includes other forms of ADHD treatment that benefit your child in some steps, for example:

1Social skills training : 

This can help your child with ADHD learn behaviors that help him develop and maintain a child’s social circle .

2. Support groups and skills training:

Parents can run support groups and skills training so that parents can identify skills that help their children, you can consult a behavior modification specialist.

3Make a daily schedule for your child :

Try to keep the time organized for your child, set a time to wake up, make dates for eating, sleeping, bathing, and leaving the house, even sticking to the same way of sleeping every day.

4. Reduce distractions: 

Loud music, computer games, and television can be distracting factors for your child. A rule should be to turn off the TV or music while eating or while your child is doing homework, and you should not put the TV in your child’s bedroom and whenever possible avoid taking your child in stimulating places such as shopping places.

5Organizing your home:

If your child has a designated place to do homework or organize his games, he is not likely to miss it. So you can keep a fixed place for his bag next to the door so that he can catch it on his way while going out.

6. Rewards for positive behavior:  

You can offer sweet words, hugs, or small prizes if your child reaches his goals in a short time or does good behavior and when you praise and reward your child for his efforts. This behavior encourages your child and increases his self-confidence .

7. Setting small goals :

When you can set small goals for your child, he can reach them easily and progress slowly becomes a way to get achievement. So make sure your child understands that he can take small steps to control himself.

8Help your child do the tasks: 

You can remind your child over and over that he has tasks to do in a friendly way so as not to anger him.

9. Select options:

Help your child make good decisions by giving him specific choices each time so he doesn’t feel distracted.

10Find activities that your child will do well:

You can look for activities that your child is succeeding in so that they can feel good about themselves. It also helps them achieve success.

11Teach your child discipline :

You can discuss with your child when performing a certain task and teach him discipline and avoid physical punishment of the child because it does not achieve the results you desire. Rather, it can bring you counterproductive results as his condition may worsen and may get worse.

Finally, if you notice unusual behaviors in your child, you should pay attention to them. You should also consult a doctor immediately so that he can diagnose the condition early so that the treatment is easy and effective. As the delay in detecting and diagnosing the condition will delay treatment, and therefore the condition may worsen and be difficult to treat.


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