Factors affecting the social development of the child and the enhancement of his social skills


What are the factors that affect the child’s social development and what are the ways to enhance the child’s social development? A child’s emotional learning begins at an early age and learning grows with age. In childhood, children express their feelings through nonverbal communication and rely on their mothers to recognize their cues. Their expressions are related to their ability to regulate their emotions. Emotional expression is closely related to both the social and cultural influences of the family and its surroundings. The relationship between the child and the caregiver gives him the ability to express positive and negative emotions in a socially and culturally acceptable manner.

A child’s social and emotional development is very important for your son. It helps him to behave in an appropriate manner later on, gives a good understanding of the life he is living and helps him take control during the transition to adulthood. Social and emotional development helps a child shape his or her future. This allows him to decide his ambitions while having proper control over his emotions. Developing a child’s social skills also allows cooperation and play with peers, paying attention to instructions given by parents or teachers and having a good transition while immersed in one activity or another. Developing emotional skills also allows your child to undergo a learning process that will teach him about the ways in which he can understand Emotions and control.

What is the importance of the social development of the child?

Your children need a child’s social growth and the development of healthy social and emotional skills. It is very important to help you do this, as this will help them to:

  1. Strengthening relationships.
  2. Master the qualities of discovery, learning and play.
  3. Create interest and perseverance
  4. controlling and regulating their behavior
  5. Develop control over their emotions.
  6. Ways to develop a child’s mental skills

What are the factors that affect the social and emotional development of the child as well:

1. Genetic factors and  maturity:

Some similarities have been noted between the emotional development of parents and children. And that many children acquire some of the social and emotional characteristics of their parents and the child is greatly influenced by their personality, and as the child develops mentally, he matures emotionally. It has been proven through experiments conducted by psychologists that the development of a child’s feelings depends on the level of maturity of the child.

2. Training :

Some scientists have proven that children learn through conditioning. One of the scientists conducted an experiment on a nine-month-old baby. The baby was shown to a mouse with a loud sound in the background. And after some time, the child began to cry at the sight of the rat, and so it was proved that the emotions of young children are affected by the adaptation. Through experiments, it has been observed that children begin to fear things that their mothers are afraid of, and when parents express their love for something, the child begins to respond and express love in the same way. If there is an expression of physical love in the family, he also accepts hugs and expresses love through touch.

3. Family Relationship :

The relationship of family members with each other and how they express their feelings affects the emotional behavior of the child. If the parents’ behavior is stable and they express their feelings in a modest and balanced way, the child will also learn to express his feelings in a balanced way.

And if the parents scream in anger, and show violent behavior, then the child also adopts the same behavior and shows tantrums. He will throw his toys and other things in a fit of rage. Also, parents who cannot give time to their children or somehow do not show any affection for them, their children become withdrawn and this affects their emotional and social behavior.

4. Social environment :

Just like a family, neighborhood, or school, community members exert an influence on a child’s emotional development. If the environment of society is tense and emotionally charged, the child will become emotionally unstable. If the people around them are emotionally stable, they express their feelings in a friendly way and become more social. If people have control over their emotions, the child will imitate and follow the same pattern regarding his feelings. He will learn better control of his emotions and will always try to assert the socially approved way of expressing his feelings.

5. Uncontrollable Emotions

To maintain physical and mental health, it is absolutely essential to control your emotions. At the time of the emotional state, the body undergoes many changes such as the change in blood circulation, pulse rate, breathing, the effect on the digestive system, and the dilation of the eyes. And when these emotional states are created in the body frequently and intensely, it affects the body badly and affects the emotional and social condition of the child badly. That is why it is very necessary to exercise control over emotions and they must be expressed in a socially approved manner .

6. Health and intelligence:

Children who are healthy can better control their emotions. While weak and unhealthy children still feel anxious and are emotionally unstable, they cannot control their emotions well. Hopefully, intelligent children are emotionally stable while children with low IQ are emotionally unstable.

How to promote the social development of the child?

Social and emotional development in early childhood is essential for your children to know that they can fully trust and rely on you. Be responsive to your children and try to help them and develop their skills but remember to set some rules to discipline your children when they make mistakes. When your child realizes what you expect of him or learns what can happen if the rules are not followed or broken, they will learn that the system is the right thing to do and this will provide your child with a good sense of self-control.

To help your children in the social development of the child, you must create the opportunity to allow your children to play with others, and you can do this by taking them to the park, enrolling them in a play school, helping them to know their abilities and helping them express their feelings well.

You can also try to offer limited options to help your child make their own decisions regarding simple everyday things such as what they need for dinner, what clothes they want to wear, etc. These choices will help your children form their own decisions and provide them with greater levels of confidence.

In a social environment, your children should be able to express how they feel with the right kind of emotions and in the right way. And if you feel that your child is very emotional or jealous, you should motivate your child to talk about what he feels without throwing any tantrums, this would help your child to refrain from being aggressive and prevent him from hurting himself or others. But sometimes, when children are not in control of their emotions, they tend to hit their friends or younger siblings or scream so it is necessary in such situations that you tell them that this is not acceptable and suggest an alternative response.

Another important thing you need to remember as a parent is not to yell at your children. You also need to refrain from doing this to anyone in front of your children, as they may be tempted to follow your actions.

You should look for the following major milestones in your baby to see how well he is developing so far.

Stages of social development of the child:

1. Emotional development from 0-6 months:

Child Social Development From the very first moment Babies begin to learn many things in an active way almost from birth. And he begins to get to know himself and his family members. During this age, you will notice that your child looks at his hands or sucks his fingers. And when you touch any part of his body, he will try to find the place where it is being touched. He will enjoy socializing and smile at you.

Social interaction is an important factor to consider within 3 to 6 months. If your baby is between 3 to 6 months old, he will pay attention to you when his name is called. He will smile and laugh when petted. If your child responds to these things, this means that his emotional and social development is good.

2. Emotional development from 6 months to 1 year:

As your child grows, the child will begin to show his admiration towards family members. If you have children between the ages of 6 months to 9 months, look for these signs of good social and emotional development for your child such as expressing a variety of emotions such as happiness, anger, sadness and fear, his ability to distinguish between family members and strangers, does he feel angry And distress when you take a toy away from his hand, does it appear in response to your words or gestures.

During the 9 months to 1 year stage, your baby tends to become very social, do certain actions like an older person and become somewhat responsible. Self-regulation is an important factor to consider at this point. Now, your child will be able to hold a cup while drinking from it. Imitates simple actions. He tries to eat himself by putting small pieces of food in his mouth. Anxiety appears when separated from you.

3. Emotional development from 1-2 years:

When your son is in this age group, he tends to spend a lot of time exploring things around him, observing people in the house and developing a sense of self-awareness. By this age, your child can recognize his own reflection in the mirror. Imitating the actions of adults, playing separately, he tries to help you. Playing puts away after playing, negative emotions such as anger become very assertive

4. Emotional development from 2-3 years:

This is known as the toddler stage when your child becomes very creative and will have a lot of confidence in all of his actions. After your child is two years old, he will start trying to put on and remove clothes on his own. He likes to choose his own clothes and the food he prefers to eat, and choose the toys that appeal to him, he enjoys the company of other children and playing with them Show his taste while wearing dresses, eating, choosing toys and while playing games and he will show a defensive attitude about the toys he owns. Use different objects to play. He will have frequent mood swings.

5. Emotional development from 3-4 years:

Your 3-year-old will be able to do different activities physically that will improve his confidence levels. It will also help He is independent at this point. From the age of 3, your kid will be able to follow the instructions you give him, perform a few activities without any help., start sharing games with siblings or friends, be able to create some new ideas for play and invite friends to join in.

6. Emotional development from 4-6 years:

When your child is four years old, he will begin to realize his personality. And he will be interested in physical activities, he tends to develop his motor skills and thinking skills.  At this age, your son will try to differentiate between good and bad behavior, befriend other children, compare himself with the rest, try to understand the feelings of others, enjoy a somewhat exciting imaginative game with other children, look forward to participating in competitive games, Try to be the leader of a group of friends while playing, cooperate with others, follow instructions correctly, show interest in creative drawing.

7. Emotional development from 7-12 years:

The social development of the child This stage is known as the school-going age . This stage will make your child experience a lot of emotional turmoil and learn a number of skills such as mingling well with his friends, having a good playing style with organizing rules for playing, forming a team, showing interest in learning key subjects such as mathematics, social studies, etc. He will have a self-discipline approach while learning Taking the initiative to do some activities Feeling proud when given new responsibilities.

Key points you should know about your children:

  • The social development of the child is important to know before these tips Your child tends to start relationships with the members around him from the time of birth. The development process, such as controlling emotions or behaving properly, can take a few years.
  • The process of social and emotional development in children remains until they reach their final teens, which is why you will notice a difference in your children as they share things, take turns or make friends as they grow.
  • . The social aspect of development helps balance external elements such as interactions with family and friends.
  • As a responsible parent, it is important for you to know the social and emotional skills that your children lack from birth to help them achieve them as they grow.
  • You have to understand that all children are special in their own ways, so your child may or may not show the above signs at a certain age. The one thing you should always remember is to let your child know that you love him, no matter what.
  • Also, beware of the stubborn child’s personality during social skills training.


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