The Montessori method is one of the modern interactive education methods for children. It encourages teachers to teach children in different ways in the classroom and strengthens the teacher-student relationship. Instead of focusing on the traditional academic teaching method, you can learn more about Montessori skills for children and how to introduce them to them. All you need is to provide an environment conducive to interactive learning and you can often apply the Montessori method in preschool because of its focus on early child development
What are the Montessori skills for children and how to teach and present them?
The Montessori method was created early in the 20th century by Maria Montessori, an Italian teacher. She saw that the Montessori method aims to internally guide the child and achieve self-development. In which the teacher acts as a guide within the classroom to remove obstacles and the lessons that the teacher provides to children often involve how to use different educational toys within the classroom.
According to Dr. Montessori, every child develops through a set of stages, each stage is unique and requires a slightly different learning strategy. The first stage is between the age of birth and the age of six years. This stage represents the acquisition of language by infants and the discovery of the world for the first time. Where the child begins to differentiate between himself and others, the second stage starts from six to twelve years, where the child begins to develop his ability to think independently and think abstractly. This stage is characterized by the desire for social and emotional interaction with others, and the last stage is adolescence.
Instead of teaching with lectures and lessons to memorize by heart and giving papers to study, the Montessori teacher will become the mentor and the classroom contains many educational games necessary to implement the Montessori skills. It is a set of attractive activities that allow the child to learn through play.
Montessori skills to teach a child self-control:
The Montessori method enables you to develop self-control and self-regulation. Preschoolers are encouraged to find the activities they need and run daily chores. By doing activities that interest them about how to self-control games.
Skill to move successfully:
Montessori enables the child to have freedom of choice that develops into self-control and freedom of movement and the development of movement for them, such as placing the young child in a container and leaving him to be able to go out on his own. There is furniture dedicated to this to enable you to develop and support the movement of the child so that he can stand and walk on his own.
Montessori to develop the ability to focus:
Montessori supports the development of the child’s ability to focus by providing a long period of uninterrupted activity for the child. During this time the child focuses on completing the game: one hour for infants, two hours for toddlers, three hours for preschoolers. Children are able to choose what interests them and continue the activity until they are satisfied with it. Montessori activity increases the child’s concentration because he engages in work with concentration and during this time the child needs a calm environment to maintain his focus.
Providing the child with cognitive skills:
Montessori activities depend on providing the child with cognitive, motor and language skills. They are experiences that help them encourage the child to actively participate in learning. When a Montessori environment is created for the child, he chooses the activity and materials that interest them. These materials help them discover their different senses. Children make decisions based on their mind.
Encouraging children to read and write:
You can teach the child to read and write through Montessori skills. It teaches the child the language through the environment so that the child can understand speech.. Children love interactive activities that enable him to learn to read and write easily. Coaches can employ unique strategies to teach a child vocabulary, reading, and learning to write before they learn to read.
Achieving active education for the child:
Children are not born with empty minds. A child needs to occupy these minds and become ready to learn different activities by making connections that strengthen neurons. The child can learn activities, experiences, and repetition to motivate the child to practice multi-sensory experiences.
Child social development skills:
Montessori activities depend on group games, thus encouraging the child to work in the middle of a team instead of working independently. Children are in a Montessori environment where children are encouraged to socialize and interact with each other throughout the day. Children have the opportunity to work together and talk.
How to introduce the Montessori method to children?
The Montessori method has become very popular around the world as it is suitable for children in early childhood and the Montessori method is designed to support the natural development of children. There are a set of basic principles that help the coach or parent to introduce Montessori skills to the child, as follows:
Respect for the child:
The most important thing when introducing the Montessori method to a child is to respect the child’s mentality and decisions. As a general rule, the child should be respected and not forced to take a certain order without taking into account his needs. So as not to become arrogant with them and become submissive. Respecting the mind of the child makes him behave well with the passage of time and he has an instinct to learn.
A teacher can respect children when they are helped to do and learn certain things on their own. When children become able to make choices, they can develop the necessary capabilities for effective self-control and positive self-esteem.
A child’s brain is absorbent:
A Montessori teacher should consider a child’s mind to be absorbent, absorbing direct knowledge through his education. For example, a child learns to speak from his mother tongue. The Montessori method wants us to understand that children learn through the environment and follow great learning systems. The teacher should set a general rule that the child is ready to learn the things you offer him.
Consider sensitive periods:
The Montessori method believes that children have sensitive periods when they are more susceptible to certain behaviors and can learn specific skills in an easier way. During this period, various methods must be provided that help the child acquire different behaviors such as writing.
Prepare the environment:
The most important thing when introducing the Montessori method to children is to prepare an appropriate environment for them, a place where children can do different things on their own. Prepared environment with educational materials and experiences available to the child in an organized manner. The most important thing in a Montessori environment is to achieve freedom for the child to discover the materials that suit them so as to enable them to achieve independence, activity and learning.
The teacher’s role:
It is necessary for the teacher to direct the child without allowing him to feel his presence too much. It only intervenes when the child needs help. The child demonstrates the main behaviors of the implementation of the Montessori method:
- Encouraging the child to learn by providing an environment of freedom and the necessary educational materials.
- Supervise the children in order to prepare the children well.
- Providing educational materials for children in an organized form and providing the necessary materials to carry out appropriate experiments for all children.
- Observe the child to know his needs and try to meet them and take care of his hobbies while giving him an opportunity to acquire skills from you. Because it is necessary in the pre-school stage to provide the child with practical training to understand abstract concepts.
- Providing an organized and attractive environment to help you achieve the mental development of the child.
- Explain how to do the activity for your child to develop the mind and increase intelligence.
- Ensuring that sensory activities are carried out for children in the early stage before school by following the practical activities for self-care, controlling movement, helping your child to increase focus and doing activities to refine the senses that give the child an indirect preparation for academic education at a later time.